2022-2024 MAG Code of Points
Changes from the previous cycle

This page contains the most significant changes for the Men's Gymnastics 2022 Code of Points from that of the previous cycle and brings together clarifications, interpretations, and  updates from newsletters and other reliable sources*.

Attention is brought to rules and long-standing elements which have been removed, as those changes are otherwise easily overlooked.

Clarifications and changes made since the May/June 2021 release of the Code of Points are noted in BLUE

Some personal observations and comments are in italics.

While every effort is made to maintain accuracy, this is not an official FIG document. 

This page is intended to be a handy reference and supplement to studying the

2022 Code of Points, not a replacement. 

For reference, here are links to the 2022 CoP:

English - German - Russian 2022 CoP

French - English - Spanish 2022 CoP

Note: This page uses the following terminology:

  • Swallow = Maltese/Hirondelle/Support Scale at ring height

  • Planche = Support Scale (above ring height)/Top Planche

  • Back Lever = hanging scale rearways

  • Flair = Flare/Thomas

  • Basket = Peach/Felge

*Resources include:

Updated 31 January 2022

General Rules

  • Can no longer raise rings to accommodate height

  • Gymnasts can not spray the pommel horse or vault with water or any other substance

  • 7 E panel judges, average 3 middle scores (as per General Judges Rules) No reference judges

  • New Judges’ Uniform is: Dark blue suit, white shirt & tie

  • Neutral deductions for a short exercise have changed considerably (See table)   

  • New element naming rules

  • Only at Group 3 or higher FIG competitions

  • C value or higher and performed for value​

  • Eliminated deductions for 2 or more attempts at a hold or strength part.

  • Eliminated -0.5 deductions for:

    • Non-distinct positions (tuck, pike, straight)​

    • Poor posture or pody position or postural corrections in end positions

    • Interruption of upward movement

    • Only -0.1 or -0.3 deductions are possible for these faults as larger faults would lead to recognition as a different body position

  • Added pictogram to appendix to further clarify this rule

ND COP 22.png
Body position pictogram.jpg



D Jury

  • 75 seconds time limit (not 70)

  • Gymnasts can perform on the same diagonal up to 3 times in a row (not 2). After 3 diagonals, they must do a side pass. (Side pass means directly to an adjacent corner, not a 1/2 diagonal). There is no requirement of when a group 1 element must be performed regarding use of diagonals. If a gymnast uses the same diagonal more than 3 times in a row a -0.3 penalty will be applied. 

  • Unlimited connection allowed, including both sides. 

  • Connecting elements must be within counting 10 elements (8 for juniors).

  • No bonus for directly connected single salto elements with turns:   e.g. salto bwd 5/2 to salto fwd 1/1 is no connection. A twisting single salto connected to a non-twisting single salto element will receive connection bonus. (e.g. Front salto with 2/1 twists to front layout or whip to back salto with 3/1 twists will receive connection bonus.)

  • Tinsica / Kasamatsu style skills are permitted this cycle

  • A multiple salto element is now required for Juniors

E Jury

  • V or Manna press to handstand: also permitted with straddled legs

  • Endo roll piked to handstand must have legs together (Newsletter 39), otherwise, a 0.3 atypical straddle deduction will be taken.

  • “Pauses of two seconds or more before acrobatic series or elements are not permitted. Simple movements of the arms are included in the definition of a pause and therefore the two seconds begins the moment the gymnast comes to a stand” (No more “man-wipes”!)

  • Japanese handstands require the head to be within one hand “thickness” from the floor (Changed from one hand “width” –  I am not sure this is accurately reflected in the French)

  • Tinsica / Kasamatsu style skills must complete the turn, otherwise deductions for incomplete turn may apply.

Element Value Changes

  • New Element: Nagornyy - Triple salto backward piked = I  (Newsletter 38)

  • New Element: Zapata 2 - Double salto forward straight with 3/2  twist = H (Newsletter 39) 

  • I.79 used to be "2 circles or flairs" now "1 circle or flair"

  • II.48 Zapata - Double salto fwd tucked with 3/2 twist = F (Not G) 

The following elements have been merged into the same code box:

  • II.13   Salto fwd tuck/pike and salto fwd tuck/pike with ½ twist (A)

  • II.14   Salto fwd stretched and salto fwd  stretched with ½ twist  (B)

  • II.20   Salto fwd tucked with 1/1 twist & Salto fwd tucked with 3/2 twist (B)

  • II.27   Salto fwd stretched with 1/1 twist & Salto fwd stretched with 3/2 twist (C)

  • II.16   Double salto fwd and double salto fwd with ½ twist  (D)

  • II.17   Double salto fwd piked and double salto fwd piked with ½ twist  (E)

  • III.8    Salto bwd stretched with ½ twist OR with 1/1 twist (B)

  • III.27  Salto bwd stretched with 1 ½ twist and Salto bwd stretched with 2/1 twist (C)

  • III.2    Salto bwd stretched & Tempo salto bwd (B)

The following elements have been removed:

  • Back walkover / Menichelli

  • Riek (straddle Endo to wide arm)

  • Breakdance variations

  • Front headspring/neckspring

  • 1/1 twist to front handspring

  • Front salto stretched to front support (II.38 tucked & piked is still o.k.(B))

  • Front salto 1/1 to front support

  • Front aerial walkover

  • Jump backward ½ twist to front handspring (WAG Onodi)

  • Arabian tucked/piked to front support

  • Deferr piked (II.46 Deferr tucked is still o.k. (D))

Pommel Horse


E Jury

  • Clarified the deduction for leg separation on Russians Wendeswings is per circle (“each full turn”) and not per element.

  • Clarified deductions for scissor HS:

  • Hip bend and/or strength receives one deduction

  • Lowering of legs is a separate deduction.

  • Removed: “Elevation of hips” as a requirement for scissors and leg swings.

D Jury

  • Busnari elements need to finish in circle, not legcut or scissor

  • II.50 Direct Stockli A: added wording "on the pommels or pommel between hands" (EN-FR-ES version)

  • Bertonceli and ¾ Bezugo added to flop and combined elements, and can only be performed at the beginning of flop or combined sequences. (See table)

  • Flop sequences (without Russians) containing Bertonceli and ¾ Bezugo will upgrade one letter value (3 flops=E; 4 flops=F).

  • Differentiation on step/travel up from end to single pommel (TC Presentation slide #28)

    • From cross support both hands on leather = Loop

    • From side support one hand on leather, other on pommel (1-2), Step up with 90° or 180° turn = Stockli 

  • Wu and Roth elements that begin in cross support facing out (Reverse Wu and Reverse Roth) will be devalued if the first movement is a backward (reverse stockli-type) movement. (NGJA)

    • Reverse Wu will be evaluated as a D (III.76 Russian 630 with 3/3 travel).

    • Reverse Roth will be evaluated as an A (II.103 180/270 Russian) or C (III.81 Kroll) depending on if a complete 360° turn is performed following the backward entry.

  • Removed rule about circle and flair elements having the same value but drawn at random in the CoP.

Bezugo-Bertoncelj flop box.jpg

D Jury
Maximum Element Restrictions

  • Many new restrictions of a maximum number of certain types of elements.

  • A maximum of two Russian Wendeswings are permitted for value in an exercise, including the dismount, however only one Russian Wendeswing is permitted in the same location on the horse. 

  • The following examples illustrate this rule:

    • Russian on the end 1080° + Russian 720° to wende = No value + C value.

    • Russian between pommels 720° + Russian between 1080° = No value + E value

    • Russian between pommels 360° + Russian on the end 1080° + Russian 360° to wende = C value + no value + B value (dismount is counted first).

  • A maximum of two (3/3) Russian Wendeswings travel elements are permitted for value in an exercise.

  • A maximum of two 3/3 travel with spindle elements are permitted for value in an exercise

  • A maximum of two full spindle elements are permitted for value in an exercise

  • Previous restrictions of a maximum of two handstand elements and a maximum of two 3/3 cross travels still apply as in the past cycle.

  • Maximum of two Sohn-type elements

  • Maximum of two Bezugo-type elements

  • Maximum 2 Bezugo and Sohn includes combined elements (flops) and to dismounts.

  • This applies to the following elements --> (mouse over to view)

  • III.70 From support on end, Russian Wendeswings forward to other end without support on or between the pommels (side to side support, side to cross, cross to side, cross to cross).

  • III.76 From support 1-2, 3/3 travel in Russian type Wendeswings with 630° or more turning.

  • III.77 Any 3/3 travel in Russian type Wendeswings with 720° or more turning.

  • III.81 From side support pommel between hand, Russian Wendeswings 360º with travel to the other end in side support.

  • III.82 Any Russian Wendeswings with 360° and 3/3 travel.

  • III.89 On the leather, from cross support, Russian Wendeswings with 360° or 540º over both pommels.

  • This applies to the following elements --> (mouse over to view)

  • III.23 From an end side travel with 2 x ½ spindle to other end.

  • III.28 Cross travel forward 3/3 with ½ spindle from one pommel over the other pommel.

  • III.29 Travel 3/3 over both pommels with ½ spindle.

  • This applies to the following elements --> (mouse over to view)

  • II.28 Any side support 1/1 spindle with legs straddle inside maximum 2 circles.

  • II.29 Any side support 1/1 spindle with hand support to the other side and return (maximum 2 flairs or circles).

  • II.30 Side support, 1/1 spindle with both pommels between the hands (flair or circle).

  • II.34 Any 1/1 spindle within maximum 2 circles

  • II.35 Cross support, 1/1 spindle with hands between the pommels maximum 2 circles

  • II.41 1/1 spindle with legs straddle or together on the pommels inside maximum 2 circles.

Pommel Horse
Element Value Changes

  • IV.16   New element: Loos - IV.16 Reverse stockli with hop backwards through handstand on other end. = D (Newsletter 39)

  • III.76   New Russian travel element: “from support 1-2, 3/3 travel in Russian type Wendeswing with 630° or more turning = (D) III.36

  • III.35   Urzica 2 - III.35 Cross support travel in flair with 1/1 spindle inside 2 circles (Newsletter 39)

  • III.41   Magyar over both pommels (without hop) = E; III.42 Driggs (with hop) = F III.35

  • I.21     Scissor backward to handstand (also with ½ turn after) = C (not D)  

The following elements have been merged into the same code box:

  • I.4  Scissor forward to HS (Li Ning) and Scissor forward to HS with ¼ turn after (Bryan) (D)

  • I.21     Scissor backward to HS and Scissor backward to HS with ¼ turn after (C) (not D)

  • II.25    ¼ spindle from cross support, ¼ spindle from side support (A)

  • II.26    ½ spindle from cross support, ½ spindle from side support (B)

  • II.34    1/1 spindle from cross support, 1/1 spindle from side support on the end (D)​​

    • Side support 1/1 with 1 pommel between hands remains in a separate box (D) (II.28)

  • II.52   Keikha 3 & 6 (D)

  • II.30   Keikha 1 & 5 (F)

  • No longer a differentiation between forward and backward travels in side support.

    • Now “any travel in side support” (A, B, C, & D values) Also applies to side hop travels

The following elements have been removed:

  • Double Suisse

  • Undercut to HS then lower to circle

  • Kehrswing bwd hop ½ on pommels

  • Sellathurai 1 & 2: cross support 1/1 spindles with travel elements

  • Flaired Magyar & Sivado travels.  (Same value as legs together - The only element that upgrades in a flair position is a flop. e.g. E flop performed in flair = F )


  • Much of the wording in the introductory section was re-written and reorganized for better clarity.

  • Restructured to:

    • Information about Exercise Presentation

    • Information about the D score

    • Element performance applicable to D & E score (New section – No other apparatus include a combined D/E section)

  • Mandatory 10 cm mat on top of the basic 20 cm landing mat

  • The rings will be raised 10 cm to 290 cm.

  • Removed -0.3 penalty for 2 or more Guczoghy elements (Newsletter 39) (still a maximum of 2)

D Jury

  • On swing to strength and press to strength elements, the final hold position CAN be recognized if performed to technical requirements, even if high entry or unrecognizable start position.

    • E.g. gymnast performs honma to cross, but the entry position is above 45 degrees will receive a 0.5 deduction and will receive B value for the cross if the performance criteria for the cross is fulfilled.

    • E.g. Back lever press to Swallow with minimal movement (less than a body width) Only Swallow is recognized (as long as it meets technical requirements for Swallow).

    • Note: This is a contradiction to point which states that the final hold position is only recognized if the preceding hold was recognized.

    • In case of non-recognition, the final hold part will not contribute to the 3 elements in a row rule (TC presentation slide #19)

  • Clarified: Planche (not Swallow) if shoulders are completely above the top of the rings

    • “The position of the arms, (i.e. slightly wide or hands turned out) does not define the value of the element”

  • Balandin 1 & 3 now in separate boxes

    • II.125 Balandin 1 - From vertical hang pull to Swallow (E)

    • II.131 Balandin 3 - From vertical hang pull to Planche (E)

E Jury

  • Clarified deductions for arms too close to body on Swallow

    • Arms touching body = -0.1

    • Obvious support of the body with the arms = -0.3

  • Clarified deductions for slow, interruption or support phase during Jonasson and Yamawaki (TC E jury slide # 23)

    • Slowly (recognized with a medium or small deduction)​

    • Interruption - Shoulders more forward = -0.3

    • Support - Shoulders likely to be in vertical line = -0.5 +NR

  • Removed piked position from back uprise to HS (now only allowed with straight body)

  • Removed specification of straight arms from individual element descriptions (All elements are expected to have straight arms unless otherwise specified) These are the only elements authorized to be performed with bent arms:

    • I.55        Back kip to support (A)

    • I.67        Felge backward to support (A)

    • I.74        Back kip or roll backward to Handstand (B)

    • II.25       Bent arm, bent body press to Handstand (A)

    • II.26       Bent arm, straight body press to Handstand (B)

    • II.31       Slow roll forward piked (A)

    • II.32       Slow roll forward straight body (B)

    • II.50       Vertical pull to back lever (B)

    • Many of these changes were NOT made in French.

Element Value Changes

Element Changes:

  • New Element: Ait Said - II.113 Roll backward slowly with straight arms and body to handstand through swallow = E 

  • New Element: Cingolani - II.124 From hang, vertical pull up to handstand with straight body and arms = D (Newsletter 39)

  • II.19     Straddle Planche = A (not B).

  • II.107  Azarian Swallow = E (not F);

    • (II.101  Azarian Planche remains E)

  • III.62   Felge and  III.68  Backuprise to straddle planche = B (not C)

  • III.89  Felge, III.95  backuprise and III.101 back kip to inverted cross = E (not D)

  • IV.1   Dismount: salto forward with ½ turn = A (not B)

    • (Same box as salto forward piked or straight without twist)

  • IV.2   Dismount: salto forward with 1/1 twist = B (not C)

  • IV.25  Dismount: salto backward with ½ twist = A (not B)

    • (Same box as salto bwd piked or straight without twist)

The following elements have been removed:

  • Li Ning elements

  • Pineda elements

  • L Sit press to inverted cross

    • (L Cross bent body press to Inverted Cross remains a D)

  • L Cross straight body press to Inverted Cross.

    • (Straight Cross straight body press to Invert Cross remains an E)

  • L-cross press to Swallow. 

    • (Straight Cross press to Swallow remains an E)

  • Back kip to straddle planche

  • Köste dismounts



Vault Groups have been changed

  1. Single Salto Vaults with complex twists

    • Handspring salto fwd with 1/1 or more twists

    • Tsukahara vaults with 3/2 or more twists (Kaz ½ or more)

  2. Handspring, Handspring salto vaults with or without simple twists, and all double salto fwd.

    • Handspring vaults without salto  (with or without post flight twists)

    • Handspring with salto forward with up to ½ twist

    • Roche, Dragulescu

  3. Handspring sideways (1/4 on), Tsukahara vaults with or without simple twists and all double salto bwd.

    • ¼ on vaults without salto (with or without post-flight twists)

    • Tsukahara vaults with up to 1/1 twist (Kazamatu with no additional twists)

    • Tsukahara double back, pike double back, double back with 1/1 twist

  4. Round off entry vaults.

    • Yurchenkos, Yurchenko ½ on & Sherbo style vaults

Other Changes

  • Changed wording of 2nd vault requirements, as the new vault groups render additional clarifications unnecessary.

  • Removed deduction for two vaults with a similar flight phase

  • Removed Handspring vaults which specified 1/1 twist before salto (Behrend, Rehm, Arican)

  • Removed ¼ on -1/4 off with salto forward vaults

  • Specified straddled legs are not permitted in 2nd phase of vault.

  • Deduction for insufficient turning on Yurchenko ½ on vaults with devaluation possible if more than 90°

  • Only 2 vaults allowed during 30 second warm-up period during all phases of competition

    • The gymnast is entitled to their 2 warm-up vaults even if the 30 second warm-up has expired

    • The Line Judge is responsible for ensuring the 2 vault maximum is respected during the warm-up period.

    • Neutral deduction of -0.3 for failure to respect the 2 vault maximum rule

Parallel Bars

  • Healy and Makuts type turns caught with an arm bend greater than 90° will not be recognized for value

  • Specified deductions for lack of amplitude for front uprise. (Back should be horizontal)

    • Up to 45° below horizontal = -0.1, more than 45° = -0.3

  • Specified Tippelt performance expectations: It is a swinging element which must have continuous upward movement with no visible use of strength

  • Removed Handstand, (must be swing to handstand for A value credit)

  • Combined forward and reverse pirouette into same box.

  • Baskets elements with turn to handstand must be performed without additional hand placements (i.e. basket ½ to handstand can have only 1 hand placement before arriving in handstand.

    • Two or more hand placements will result in devaluation to basket with ¼ turn)

  • Elements with saltos: Only one variation of each type of salto is allowed

  • Maximum of two giant swings through handstand (III. 21, 22, 29, 30, 42, 46, 48)

  • Maximum of two basket swings through handstand (III. 106, 107, 108, 117, 119, 120, 130, 131, 137)

Parallel Bars
Element Value Changes

  • New Element: Pakhniuk 2 - II.54  Bwd uprise and 5/4 salto fwd straddled to hang = F

  • New Element: Malone - III.137 Shoot up to handstand fall back to support with 1/4 turn = E (Newsletter 39)

  • New Element: II.6  Fwd. uprise Stutz with 3/4 turn to one bar = F 

  • New Element: Kuavita - I.48 (From support) Double salto backwards with half turn to upper arm = F (Newsletter 39)

  • New Element: Kovtun - II.15 From upper arm, back toss with quarter turn to one rail = C (Newsletter 39)

  • Named: Pakhniuk 1 - II.53 Bwd. uprise and 5/4 salto fwd straddled to upper arm hang = E

  • II.46   Back uprise to salto forward can be piked or straight = D

  • III.29  Giant Diamadov = E (not D)

  • III.30  Giant Diamadov with ¼ or ½ turn = F (not E)

  • III.42  Giant Diamadov to one rail connected to Healy type element = F (not E)

  • III.65  Giant swing bwd and salto with ½ turn to hang = E (not D)  

  • III.105  Basket ¼ turn merged to same box as Baskets without turn (D)

    • (III.107  Basket ½ & ¾ turn remain E value)

  • III.131 Nguyen - Shoot up with 1/2 or 3/4 turn to handstand = E

  • IV.1    Dismount: salto forward with ½ twist = A (not B) (Same box as salto forward piked or straight)

  • IV.11  Dismount: double front tucked with ½ twist = E (not F)

  • IV.18  Dismount: double front piked with ½ twist = F (not G)

  • Dismount: Back salto dismounts from hang on end:

    • IV.45   Double salto bwd tucked = C (not B)

    • IV.46   Double salto bwd piked = D (not C)

    • IV.47   Double salto bwd with 1/1 turn = E (not D)

  • Removed circle & flair elements

  • Removed Shoot HS hop to other rail and straddled shoot HS

  • Removed Basket with inlocation (Cucherat-Celen)

High Bar


D Jury

  • Connection:

    • Connecting elements must be within the 10 counting elements.

    • Can connect Adler to flight for bonus

    • D or higher Adler + D flight = +0.1

    • D or higher Adler + E or higher flight = +0.2

  • Only 2 Kovacs style elements are permitted

  • Only 2 Tkatchev or Piatti-style elements are permitted

  • Three of the same style flight elements are only permitted if one is directly connected to another release

    • E.g. Kolman then later in routine Kovacs + Gaylord II

    • E.g. Tkatchev straight + Tkatchev then later in routine Liukin

    • E.g. Tkatchev + Gienger and later Tkatchev straight and later Piatti

  • “Regrasping Tkatchev ½ or Yamawaki ½ elements without sufficient turning and continuing to handstand (or directly connecting to a release element) will receive no value.”

  • “Flight elements always receive value if a distinct hang phase is shown before the gymnast falls.”

  • Piatti style elements from the stoop circle (feet on the bar) are not permitted

    • Piattis from Stalders and free hips are still permitted

  • Rybalko or Piatti from Stalder with legs together are not permitted

  • All Endo, Stalder and Weiler elements with turn are divided up in two elements except for Stalder Rybalko (e.g. Endo + 1/1 turn to El-Grip = B + C)

  • Endos, Stalders, Weilers, and Adlers must pass over the bar to be recognized.

  • Endo in el-grip through handstand. (Element III.93): For the recognition of this element the gymnast must start the element in el-grip handstand and must go over the top of the bar in el-grip at the end of the element.

  • Removed principles regarding upgrades in values for turning elements

  • Removed previous rules about breaking up elements when a grip change occurs. (Most are separated now.)

  • Removed: “The element has the same value and identification number whether it crosses the bar or not, as long as the amplitude stipulations have been met.”

E Jury

  • “A cast, consisting in a maximum of three swings, is permitted in order to begin an exercise without deduction.  Additional swings will be deducted 0.3.” Each movement forward, each movement backward, and the cast are each counted as a swing.

  • For all Adler elements, it is NOT required to enter from a handstand (Newsletter 39)

  • Deduction for elements not continuing in the intended direction is now -0.3 (not -0.5)

  • Clarification of Quast & Rybalko expectations:

    • Visible hop and fluid turn, not turning on the supporting arm

  • One angle deduction table for elements to and through handstand including any kind of turns.

    • 0° - 15° =  No deduction

    • >15° - 30°  = 0.1

    • >30° – 60° = 0.3

    • >60° – 90° = 0.5

    • Below horizontal = 0.5 & Non recognition

  • Removed: “Elements with turns must show the turns as an integral part of the element being performed and the turn must be initiated on the way up.”

  • Bent knees during swing actions

    • < 60° = 0.1​

    • > 60° = 0.3

  • To my knowledge, for arm bend on regrasping after flight elements (-0.1 or -0.3) the exact angle has never been defined.

    • Please contact me if you know where this exists.

The angle deduction table has been simplified for high bar, but is different from all of the other angle deduction tables (Rings strength, swing to handstand, incomplete twists etc.)

See our MAG Angle Deduction Chart for a quick reference comparision of all the MAG Angle Deductions.

High Bar
Element Value Changes

  • Added: III.33 Endo, III.45 Stalder and III.57 Stalder hop to handstand with legs together. All are C value.

  • Added: III.100 Endo with legs together in elgrip = D

  • Named: Alvarez - IV.17 Double salto forward straight with 3/2 twist. = E (Newsletter 39)

  • II.9  Yamawaki = C (not D);

  • II.15  Tkatchev straddled and II.21 Tkatchev piked are in separate boxes

  • The following elements have been merged into the same code box:

    • II.9   Yamawaki with ½ turn in same box as Yamawaki (C)

    • II.15 Tkatchev straddled with ½ in same box as Tkatchev straddled (C)

    • II.16 Tkatchev stretched with ½ turn in same box as Tkatchev stretched (D) 

    • Piatti Elements have been merged similarly to Tkatchev elements and hold 1 value higher than their Tkatchev counterparts

    • II.23 Tkatchev straddled ½ to double el-grip remains in its own box (E)

  • Removed flying giant swing backward with 2/1 turn (2/1 turning Quast)

  • Removed: all turning variations of Kip to handstands, Weilers, Clear hip circles, Endos & Stalders: (Exception: III.40 Stalder Rybalko to mixed and III.41 to el-grip still remain)

  • Removed: Jansen (Stalder ½ to rear vault ½)

  • Removed Likhovitsky (Koste ½ turn to el-grip)

Please let me know if you notice any significant omissions or errors.
(You can use the contact form below!)